Fractional Ownership Of Everything Assetization Tokenization (Part VI)

Benefits and characteristics of Assetization or Tokenization (of assets) are in part I and II of this series. We also looked already in detail at STO in USA (II), since the US market displays strong interest and offers a large market-size. We also covered most of the EU in part III, APAC and MENA in part IV.and the Caribbean in part V. This is the last part.

Financial regulatory authorities by country

A-B

  • Afghanistan – Da Afghanistan Bank (DAB)
  • Albania – Albanian Financial Supervisory Authority (FSA)
  • Algeria – Commission d’Organisation et de Surveillance des Opérations de Bourse (COSOB)
  • Andorra – Andorran Financial Authority (AFA)
  • Anguilla – Anguilla Financial Services Commission
  • Antigua & Barbuda – Financial Services Regulatory Commission
  • Argentina – Comisión Nacional de Valores (CNV)
  • Armenia – Central Bank of Armenia (CBA)
  • Australia:
  • Australian Prudential Regulation Authority (APRA)
  • Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC) 
  • Australian Takeovers Panel
  • Foreign Investments Review Board (FIRB)
  • Australian Transaction Reports and Analysis Centre (AUSTRAC)
  • Austria:
  • Financial Market Authority (FMA, Finanzmarktaufsichtsbehörde in German)
  • Oesterreichische Nationalbank
  • Austrian Takeover Commission (Übernahmekommission in German)
  • Azerbaijan
  • Financial Market Supervisory Authority of Azerbaijan 
  • Bahamas:
  • Central Bank of The Bahamas
  • Securities Commission of the Bahamas
  • Bahrain – Central Bank of Bahrain
  • Bangladesh:
  • Bangladesh Bank
  • Securities and Exchange Commission (Bangladesh)
  • Barbados:
  • Barbados Financial Services Commission
  • Central Bank of Barbados
  • Financial Intelligence Unit (Barbados)
  • Belarus:
  • National Bank of the Republic of Belarus
  • Belgium:
  • Financial Services and Markets Authority (FSMA – Autorité des services et marchés financiers/Authoriteit voor Financiële Diensten en Markten)
  • National Bank of Belgium (NBB – Banque Nationale de Belgique/Nationale Bank van België)
  • Belize – International Financial Services Commission
  • Bermuda – Bermuda Monetary Authority
  • Bhutan – Royal Monetary Authority of Bhutan (RMA)
  • Bolivia – Autoridad de Supervisión del Sistema Financiero (ASFI)
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina:
  • Republika Srpska Securities Commission for Republika Srpska
  • Securities Commission of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Komisiji za vrijednosne papire Federacije Bosne i Hercegovina in Bosnian)
  • Botswana
  • Non-Bank Financial Institutions Regulatory Authority (NBFIRA)
  • Bank of Botswana (BOB)
  • Brazil
  • Banco Central do Brasil (BACEN)
  • Comissão de Valores Mobiliários (CVM)
  • Superintendência de Seguros Privados (SUSEP)
  • British Virgin Islands – British Virgin Islands Financial Services Commission
  • Brunei – Brunei International Financial Center of the Ministry of Finance
  • Bulgaria – Financial Supervision Commission (Bulgaria) (FSC)

C-D

  • Cambodia – National Bank of Cambodia (NBC)
  • Canada:
  • Canada Deposit Insurance Corporation
  • Office of the Superintendent of Financial Institutions (OSFI)
  • Financial Transactions and Reports Analysis Centre of Canada (FINTRAC)
  • Canadian Securities Administrators (CSA)
  • Alberta Securities Commission
  • Autorité des marchés financiers – Québec
  • British Columbia Securities Commission (BCSC)
  • Ontario Securities Commission (OSC)
  • Investment Industry Regulatory Organization of Canada (IIROC)
  • Mutual Fund Dealers Association (MFDA)
  • Financial Services Commission of Ontario
  • Financial Institutions Commission – Province of British Columbia
  • Cayman Islands – Cayman Islands Monetary Authority
  • Chile – Superintendencia de Valores y Seguros
  • China, People’s Republic of;
  • China Securities Regulatory Commission (CSRC)
  • China Banking Regulatory Commission (CBRC)
  • China Insurance Regulatory Commission (CIRC)
  • China, Republic of (Taiwan) – Financial Supervisory Commission
  • Colombia;
  • Superintendencia Financiera de Colombia
  • National Directorate of Taxes and Customs (DIAN)
  • Congo, the Democratic Republic of – Central Bank of Congo
  • Costa Rica:
  • Superintendencia General de Valores
  • Superintendencia General de Seguros (Costa Rica)
  • Côte d’Ivoire;
  • Banque Centrale des Etats de l’Afrique de l’Ouest
  • Croatia – Croatian Financial Services Supervisory Agency
  • Cyprus;
  • Central Bank of Cyprus
  • Cyprus Securities and Exchange Commission (CYSEC)
  • Cyprus Insurance Companies Control Service (ICCS)
  • Czech Republic – Czech National Bank
  • Denmark – Financial Supervisory Authority (Denmark), (Finanstilsynet in Danish)
  • Dominican Republic:
  • Banco Central de la Republica Dominica
  • Superintendencia de Bancos de la Republica Dominicana
  • Dominica
  • Financial Service Unit of the Commonwealth of Dominica

E-I

  • Ecuador – Superintendencia de Bancos
  • Egypt – Financial Regulatory Authority
  • El Salvador – Superintendencia del Sistema Financiero
  • European Union:
  • European Central Bank (ECB)
  • European Banking Authority (EBA)
  • European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA)
  • European Insurance and Occupational Pensions Authority (EIOPA)
  • European Systemic Risk Board (ESRB)
  • Estonia:
  • Financial Supervision Authority (Finantsinspektsioon in Estonian)
  • Estonian Bank (Eesti Pank in Estonian)
  • Faroe Islands – Insurance Authority of the Faroe Islands (Tryggingareftirlitið in Faroese) (For Insurance, Pension and mortgages all other finance is regulated by Financial Supervisory Authority (Denmark))
  • Finland – Financial Supervisory Authority, (FIN-FSA Finanssivalvonta in Finnish)
  • France:
  • Autorité des marchés financiers (France) (AMF)
  • Registre unique des Intermediaires en Assurance, Banque et Finance (France) (ORIAS)
  • Autorité de Controle Prudentiel (France) (ACPR)
  • French Takeover Panel
  • Georgia – National Bank of Georgia
  • Germany – Federal Financial Supervisory Authority (BaFin – Bundesanstalt für Finanzdienstleistungsaufsicht)
  • Ghana;
  • Securities and Exchange Commission (Ghana) (SEC)
  • Bank of Ghana (BOG)
  • Gibraltar – Gibraltar Financial Services Commission (GFSC)
  • Greece – Hellenic Capital Market Commission
  • Grenada – Grenada International Financial Services Authority (GIFSA)
  • Guatemala – Superintendencia de Bancos (SB)
  • Guernsey – Guernsey Financial Services Commission
  • Honduras – National Banks and Securities Commission (Comisión Nacional de Bancos y Seguros in Spanish)
  • Hong Kong:
  • Hong Kong Monetary Authority (HKMA)
  • Hong Kong Securities and Futures Commission (SFC)
  • Hong Kong Insurance Authority (IA)
  • Hong Kong Mandatory Provident Fund Schemes Authority (MPFA)
  • Hungary – Hungarian National Bank (Hungarian: Magyar Nemzeti Bank (MNB))
  • Iceland – Financial Supervisory Authority
  • India:
  • Reserve Bank of India (RBI)
  • Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI)
  • Forward Markets Commission (India) (FMC)
  • Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority of India (IRDAI)
  • Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority (PFRDA)
  • Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA)
  • Indonesia:
  • Financial Services Authority (Indonesia) (Indonesian: Otoritas Jasa Keuangan) (OJK)
  • Bank Indonesia
  • Ireland:
  • Central Bank of Ireland
  • Irish Takeover Panel
  • Islamic Republic of Iran:
  • Securities and Exchange Organization of Iran
  • Central Bank of Iran
  • Iraq – Iraq Securities Commission (ISC)
  • Isle of Man – Isle of Man Financial Services Authority
  • Israel – Israel Securities Authority (ISA)
  • Italy:
  • Commissione Nazionale per le Società e la Borsa (CONSOB)
  • Institute for the Supervision of Insurance (ISVAP)

J-L

  • Jamaica – Financial Services Commission (Jamaica)
  • Bank of Jamaica
  • Japan:
  • Financial Services Agency
  • Securities and Exchange Surveillance Commission (SESC)
  • Jersey – Jersey Financial Services Commission
  • Jordan – Jordan Securities Commission
  • Kazakhstan:
  • Agency of the Republic of Kazakhstan on Regulation and Supervision of Financial Market and Financial Organizations (Агентство Республики Казахстан по регулированию и надзору финансового рынка и финансовых организаций in Kazakh )
  • Committee for the Control and Supervision of the Financial Market and Financial Organizations of the National Bank of the Republic of Kazakhstan
  • Kenya – Capital Markets Authority (Kenya)
  • Kuwait:
  • Central Bank of Kuwait (CBK) (بنك الكويت المركزي in Arabic)
  • Capital Markets Authority Kuwait (CMA) (هيئة أسواق المال – دولة الكويت in Arabic)
  • Korea, South:
  • Financial Services Commission (FSC)
  • Financial Supervisory Service (FSS)
  • Latvia – Financial and Capital Market Commission
  • Lebanon – Banking Control Commission of Lebanon (BCCL) and Insurance Control Commission (ICC)
  • Liechtenstein – Financial Market Authority (Liechtenstein) (FMA)
  • Lithuania – Bank of Lithuania
  • Luxembourg:
  • Commission de Surveillance du Secteur Financier (CSSF)
  • Commissariat aux Assurances (CAA)

M-R

  • Malaysia
  • Bank Negara Malaysia (BNM)
  • Securities Commission Malaysia (SC)
  • Labuan Financial Services Authority (Labuan FSA)
  • Malawi
  • Reserve Bank of Malawi (RBM)
  • Malta – Malta Financial Services Authority (MFSA)
  • Central Bank of Malta
  • Mauritania – Central Bank of Mauritania (BCM)
  • Mauritius
  • Bank of Mauritius (BOM)
  • Financial Services Commission (FSC)
  • Mexico
  • Comisión Nacional Bancaria y de Valores
  • Comisión Nacional para la Protección y Defensa de los Usuarios de Servicios Financieros
  • Moldova – National Commission for Financial Markets
  • Montenegro – Insurance Supervision Agency
  • Montserrat – Montserrat Financial Services Commission
  • Mongolia
  • Financial Regulatory Commission of Mongolia
  • Central Bank of Mongolia
  • Morocco – Autorité Marocaine du Marché des Capitaux (AMMC) Ex Conseil déontologique des valeurs mobilières (CDVM)
  • Nepal
  • Nepal Rastra Bank (Central Bank of Nepal – Regulator and Supervisor of Banks and Financial Institutions)
  • Beema Samiti (Regulator of Insurance Companies)
  • Securities Board Nepal (SEBON)
  • Netherlands
  • Netherlands Authority for the Financial Markets (AFM – Autoriteit Financiële Markten in Dutch)
  • De Nederlandsche Bank (DNB)
  • Netherlands Antilles – Bank of the Netherlands Antilles[2]
  • New Zealand – Financial Markets Authority (New Zealand)
  • Nigeria
  • Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) (Nigeria)
  • Securities and Exchange Commission (Nigeria)
  • National Insurance Commission (NAICOM) (Nigeria)
  • National Pension Commission (PENCOM) (Nigeria)
  • Norway – Financial Supervisory Authority of Norway (Finanstilsynet in Norwegian)
  • Oman – Capital Market Authority (Oman)
  • Pakistan – State Bank of Pakistan
  • Panama – Superintendencia del Mercado de Valores
  • Peru:
  • Superintendencia de Banca, Seguros y AFP (SBS)
  • Superintendencia del Mercado de Valores (SMV)
  • Philippines:
  • Philippine Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC)
  • Insurance Commission (Komisyon ng Seguro)
  • Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas (Central Bank of the Philippines)
  • Philippine Deposit Insurance Corporation (PDIC)
  • Department of Finance (DOF)
  • Philippine Stock Exchange (PSE)
  • Bureau of Treasury
  • Poland – Polish Financial Supervision Authority (KNF)
  • Portugal:
  • Portuguese Securities Market Commission (CMVM)
  • Portuguese Insurance Regulator (ASF)
  • Qatar – Qatar Financial Markets Authority (QFMA)
  • Republic of Macedonia:
  • Securities and Exchange Commission of the Republic of Macedonia (MSEC)
  • National Bank of the Republic of Macedonia
  • Romania – Romanian Financial Supervisory Authority
  • Russia – Central Bank of Russia (CBR)

S-T

  • Saint Lucia – Financial Sector Supervision Unit
  • Saint Kitts and Nevis:
  • Financial Services Regulatory Commission
  • Nevis Financial Regulatory Services Commission
  • Saint Vincent and the Grenadines – Financial Services Authority
  • San Marino – Central Bank of San Marino (BCSM)
  • Saudi Arabia 
  • Saudi Arabian Monetary Agency (SAMA) (مؤسسة النقد العربي السعودي in Arabic)
  • Capital Market Authority (Saudi Arabia) (CMA) (هيئة السوق المالية in Arabic) 
  • Serbia – Securities Commission (Serbia)
  • Seychelles;
  • Central Bank of Seychelles
  • Seychelles Financial Services Authority (SFSA) [1]
  • Singapore – Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS)
  • Slovenia – Securities Market Agency (ATVP Agencija za Trg Vrednostnih Papirjev)
  • South Africa;
  • South African Reserve Bank
  • National Credit Regulator
  • Financial Services Board (South Africa)
  • Spain:
  • Investment sector regulator – Spanish Securities Market Commission (Comisión Nacional del Mercado de Valores, CNMV) [MiFID]
  • Insurance sector regulator (life and general) – Direccion General de Seguros (DGS)[IMD]
  • Banking sector regulator – Banco de España (BdE)
  • Sri Lanka
  • Central Bank of Sri Lanka
  • Securities and Exchange Commission of Sri Lanka
  • Swaziland – Capital Markets Development Unit (Central Bank of Swaziland)
  • Sweden – Financial Supervisory Authority (Sweden) (Finansinspektionen, FI)
  • Switzerland:
  • Swiss Financial Market Supervisory Authority
  • Swiss National Bank
  • SIX Swiss Exchange
  • Tanzania – Capital Markets and Securities Authority
  • Taiwan – Financial Supervisory Commission
  • Thailand:
  • Bank of Thailand (BOT)
  • Office of the Securities and Exchange Commission, Thailand (Thai SEC)
  • Trinidad and Tobago – Central Bank of Trinidad and Tobago
  • Trinidad and Tobago Securities and Exchange Commission
  • Tunisia – Conseil du marché financier
  • Turkey:
  • Banking Regulation and Supervision Agency of Turkey (BRSA – )
  • Capital Markets Board of Turkey (CMB)

U-Z

  • Uganda
  • Capital Markets Authority (Uganda) (CMA)
  • Insurance Regulatory Authority of Uganda
  • Ukraine – National Securities and Stock Market Commission (NSSMC)
  • United Arab Emirates:
  • Insurance Authority – (IA)
  • Securities and Commodities Authority – (SCA)
  • United Arab Emirates (Dubai) – Dubai Financial Services Authority – (DFSA)
  • United Kingdom:
  • Bank of England (BoE)
  • Prudential Regulation Authority (PRA)
  • Financial Conduct Authority (FCA)
  • Panel on Takeovers and Mergers (PANEL)
  • Financial Policy Committee (FPC)
  • United States:
  • Securities & Exchange Commission (SEC)
  • Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC)
  • Federal Reserve System (“Fed”)
  • Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC)
  • Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (FinCEN)
  • Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (FINRA)
  • Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (OCC)
  • National Credit Union Administration (NCUA)
  • Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB)
  • National Association of Insurance Commissioners (NAIC)
  • National Futures Association (NFA)[3]
  • In addition, each state has its own banking authority[4]
  • Uruguay – Banco Central del Uruguay
  • Uzbekistan – Center for Coordination and Control over Functioning of Securities Market
  • Vatican City – Financial Information Authority
  • Venezuela – Superintendencia Nacional de Valores (SNV)
  • Vietnam – State Securities Commission (SSC)
  • Zambia – Securities and Exchange Commission (Zambia)
  • Zimbabwe – Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe (RBZ)

Sources: Blockchain Advisory, GBBC, CB Insights, Dilendorf Khurdayan, BlockState, Manhattan Street Capital, Investopia, Reuters, Moonwhale.


This is a six-part series. We also covered the benefits and characteristics of Assetization or Tokenization (of assets) are in part I and II of this series, most of the EU in part III, APAC and MENA in part IV.and the Caribbean in part V.

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About The Author:

Danny Christ is the CEO & Co-Founder of Moonwhale Blockchain Ventures Inc.

Based in Kuala Lumpur, Danny has over 20 years of IT, Operations and Supply Chain experience across Germany (home), US, Singapore, Indonesia, Thailand, Malaysia, Vietnam, and the Philippines. He managed IT projects (ERP, CRM, POS, BI) and regional expansion (franchise, M&A) for various SMEs in the Consumer Industry. His career rose to Vice President of a 3500 employees organization.

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